There are entire books and certifications devoted to this topic. And this is great for discussing generalities. This is a topic that can be applied for a number of purposes: Constructing a new building; Deploying a project; Deploying a new service. When doing your research you might note that the Army tends to focus on the Metric side of things. To make matters more complicated not every project is tracked or ran the same. However there are going to be a lot of commonalities which you should be familiar with.
We are going to talk about phrases like PMO, Stakeholders, BA, Project Charter; Decision Records; Lessons Learned. We are going to talk about Risk.
We will talk about the ANSI Standard for Project Management.